osteopenia, treatment, guidelines, osteoporosis
Literature review was conducted to determine clinical guidelines for osteopenia management of immunocompetent patients in the primary care setting. It was concluded that pharmacological treatment should be offered to patients with osteopenia if they are considered high risk, which can be determined by utilizing the World Health Organization Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®) to evaluate 10-year risk. Patients with a calculated hip fracture probability of at least 3% or those with probability of 20% or more for all osteoporotic fractures may be offered bisphosphonate therapy.
Hollingsworth T. Which clinical guidelines should be implemented for management of osteopenia in primary care? A Clin-IQ. J Patient Cent Res Rev. 2014;1:201-203. doi: 10.17294/2330-0698.1041