Stable ischemic heart disease in women: current perspectives
Samad, Fatima; Agarwal, Anushree; and Samad, Zainab, "Stable ischemic heart disease in women: current perspectives" (2017). Aurora Cardiology Fellows. 27.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women accounting for 1 in every 4 female deaths. Pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease in women includes epicardial coronary artery, endothelial dysfunction, coronary vasospasm, plaque erosion and spontaneous coronary artery dissection. Angina is the most common presentation of stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) in women. Risk factors for SIHD include traditional risks such as older age, obesity (body mass index [BMI] >25 kg/m