Publication Date



patient-reported outcomes, health-related quality of life, outcome measurement, health care planning, PROMIS


Purpose: We sought to describe results of patient-reported outcome measures implemented among primary care patients with diabetes and explore factors associated with changes in scores over time.

Methods: Two organizations serving diverse patient populations collected the PROMIS-29 survey at baseline and 3-month follow-up for patients with type 2 diabetes. Bayesian regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between patient characteristics and changes in PROMIS-29 scores. Exploratory analyses assessed relationships between goal-setting and changes in scores.

Results: The study population reported substantially more problems with physical functioning (mean: 42.5 at Site 1 and 38.9 at Site 2) and pain interference (mean: 58.0 at Site 1 and 61.1 at Site 2) compared to the general population (mean: 50; standard deviation: 10). At least 33% of patients had a clinically meaningful change (ie, at least half the standard deviation, or 5 points) in each PROMIS domain. For pain interference, 55% had no change, 22% improved by 5 or more points, and 23% worsened by 5 or more points. Bayesian regression analyses suggest that chronic conditions, insurance status, and Hispanic ethnicity are likely associated with decreased functioning over time. Exploratory analyses found that setting a mental health goal did not appear to be associated with improvement for anxiety or depression.

Conclusions: Use of patient-reported outcome measures in routine clinical care identified areas of functional limitations among people with diabetes. However, changes in participants’ PROMIS-29 scores over time were minimal. Research is needed to understand patterns of change in global and domain-specific functioning, particularly among racial/ethnic minorities.



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